Elderberry (Sambucus -)

What is it? 

The ElderBerry, also known as Elder, Sauco, Sambucus, or Sabuco, depending on the region or country, is a significant source of flavonoids such as flavonols and flavones, anthocyanins such as cyanidin, and phenolic compositions, which have an antioxidant action capable of preventing cell damage and have been used to activate the immune system against viral antigens to help reduce cold and flu symptoms. 
Studies also suggest having anti-cancer properties; They have one of the highest percentages of antioxidant flavonoids known in natural fruits, which help prevent oxidative damage to cells and protect DNA. Ripe berries are high in vitamin A and C. On the other hand, they contain a large amount of calcium, iron, phosphorus, vitamin B6, and plant sterols that are essential for reducing LDL cholesterol in the body.


  • Supports increased insulin secretion by helping to regulate the enzyme α-glucosidase, which helps balance blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of conditions such as type 2 diabetes.
  • It has antiviral properties whose effects may help reduce the duration and severity of the flu and the common cold.
  • Improves the body's defenses by regulating the production of white blood cells, which reduces inflammatory processes.
  • Laxative, diuretic, and even anti-inflammatory properties are attributed even to help with arthritis.
  • Helps in cardiovascular health by reducing the level of cholesterol in the blood.

REF: Advanced research on the antioxidant and health benefits of elderberry (Sambucus nigra) in food - a review Author:

panel Andrzej Sidor Anna Gramza-Michałowska